- French capture Mexico City and proclaim Maximillia
n as Emperor.
- International Red Cross founded with ratification by 16 nations after a Geneva Conference.
- Most memorable battle of Civil War fought at Gettysburg: Lincoln delivers his Gettysburg Address. He proclaims last Thursday of November as Day of Thanksgiving.
- Medal of Honor is established for those who “distinguish themselves conspicuously by gallantry and integrity” in combat.
- Four-wheel roller skating introduced in New York City.
- James Whistler’s paintings exhibited at “Salon des Refuses” in Paris along with Claude Manet and Paul Cezanne.
- New American Book: Edward Everett Hale publishes his novel, Man Without a Country. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow writes Tales of a Wayside Inn.
Noble goals are expressed in our nation this year: The Red Cross, Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address and the Medal of Honor. In Salem these ideals of service are expressed in the founding of the First Congregati
His conflict with the membership
Nordstroms is currently on the site of this church. Dickinson’s seed store was at Chemeketa and Commercial Streets, now the Union Gospel Mission Office. The family’s first home, a rough cabin built by Dickenson himself in this year, was near Ferry on Front Street. After Dickinson became a successful merchant, their 1880s home bordered the then-fashionabl
The Cora and Albert Moores’ home was on Chemeketa Street in Piety Hill, the four block residential section north of the State House. When this area was acquired by the state for North Capitol Mall, their house was one that survived demolition. It was moved to Leffelle Street where it is today.
- H. M. Thatcher was mayor during 1863-4.
- The Union House on the northeast corner of Ferry and Commercial Street, site of Salem’s first store, burned in May of this year. The hotel was so named because it was a combination of the store and the blacksmith shop next door. The Union House contained the Gem Saloon with bar and billiard table.
|Sacred Heart Academy|
- Sacred Heart Academy was established on the east side of Cottage between Center and Chemeketa Streets by the Sisters of the Holy Names, opening with 80 girls as students. Legend gives Asahel Bush credit for encouraging the founding of this school for the primary eduction of his daughters. Mass was celebrated there until St. John’s Church (now St. Joseph’s) was dedicated. This 1886 photograph shows the original three story, brick building. A handsome, high-ceiling classroom with louvered shutters on the windows was photographed in 1908. The school moved to Lancaster Drive in the 1960s, but has since closed.
- Hamilton Campbell, a Salem pioneer in engineering, construction and photography, was murdered in Mexico while working in for a mining company. He had created the die for the Oregon Beaver coin. He and his wife, Harriet Biddle Campbell, had arrived in Oregon in 1840 as members of the Lausanne missionary reinforcement. His widow Harriet was living in Portland in 1900, still “sprightly” at 83.
- Richard and America Waldo Bogle were married at the First Congregational Church on January 1. Richard was Jamaican, living in Salem where he met America Waldo. Rev. Dickinson officiated the wedding and hosted the wedding reception. A black wedding taking place in a white church and a party attended by both blacks and whites was apparently too much for some people to handle. The event provoked negative comments from Asahel Bush, first in his private letters and then in the Oregon Statesman where he called it a “disgrace”; eventually, the incident made the newspapers as far away as the Portland Oregonian and the San Francisco Bulletin. The couple moved to Walla Walla in the Washington Territory. There, Richard tried his hand at mining, but he didn’t strike it rich and later returned to his old trade of barbering. The Bogles made their money ranching, and Richard was sufficiently wealthy that he was one of the founders of the Walla Walla Savings and Loan Association, providing some of the seed capital for the organization and backing it with his good name. Richard and America had eight children together, at least two of whom went on to become barbers in Portland.